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bougainville new nation

Jusqu'à peut-être devenir après ce référendum le 194e Etat reconnu par l’ONU, à condition de respecter encore un long processus politique. Australia could soon have a new nation right on its doorstep, as the people of Bougainville start to cast their votes in a referendum on whether they should seek independence from Papua New Guinea. Bougainville is the largest island of the entire extensive group of the Solomon Islands which forms a part of the Northern Salomon Islands. The referendum received worldwide attention, including in New Zealand, which has been heavily invested in the region through its long-term peacekeeping efforts. Lauren Beaver Recommended for you Puka Temu, Port Moresby's minister for Bougainville affairs, said 'the outcome is a credible one' but asked that voters 'allow the rest of Papua New Guinea sufficient time to absorb this result'. The vote officially ended on December 7 and, according to the Bougainville Referendum Commission, it was completed without major incident. The Pacific islands of Bougainville are voting in a historic referendum to decide if it will become the world's newest nation by gaining independence from Papua New Guinea. Bougainville obtiendrait également plus de pouvoir en matière de levée d’impôts et de taxes [16]. "I think there is a great deal of awareness that mining can create harmful events — nowhere is that more obvious than in Bougainville," she said. Après avoir été contrôlée successivement par l'Allemagne, l'Australie, le Japon, les Nations unies, Bougainville appartient et dépend de la Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée mais dispose d'un gouvernement autonome. People queue to vote at a polling station in the capital Buka in a historical independence vote on November 25, Residents hold a Bougainville flag at a polling station during a non-binding independence referendum in Arawa in November. At the time, this was 10 per cent of the population. Research from the Lowy Institute has suggested there is a risk for another crisis on Bougainville if, in the event of an overwhelming vote in favour of independence, PNG's Parliament failed to ratify the decision. Independence to me is a process," she said. Many felt mining profits were not being shared fairly between Papua New Guinea and Bougainville, or even between different landowner groups at the mine site. A Lowy Institute research paper warns there is potential for another "regional crisis" if the people of Bougainville vote for independence, but are unable to reach an agreement with the PNG Government. Speaking in Buka, Ahern urged all sides to recognise a vote that was about 'your peace, your history, and your future' and showed 'the power of the pen over weapons'. This means Bougainville has its own constitution, government, and public service, and it controls certain areas like policing and health. Related Story: Bougainville may become the world's newest nation — here's what you need to know A ceremony to announce the results of Bougainville's historic referendum opened with a chorus of the Bougainville anthem. The Autonomous Region of Bougainville, a chain of islands that lie 959 kilometres northwest of Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) capital, Port Moresby, has voted unequivocally for independence. Australia could soon have a new country as a neighbour when the Papua New Guinea's autonomous region of Bougainville votes in an independence referendum later this year. According to this act, Bougainville was supposed to be a part of Papua New Guinea but is declared itself to be a republic of the North Solomon. "Parliament will have to come up with some very good reasons why it would act in a way contrary to an overwhelming vote," he said. Call for action over sorcery killings in Bougainville Radio New Zealand 21:39 22-Nov-20. Nations beyond PNG are also keeping close tabs. Self-government was given to Papua New Guinea on December 1973 and full independence from Australia on September 1975. Description. These resources also played a significant role in the island's civil war. The people of Bougainville voted overwhelmingly vote for independence from Papua New Guinea, but the path ahead is pocked with pitfalls. Related Story: Bougainville may become the world's newest nation — here's what you need to know A ceremony to announce the results of Bougainville's historic referendum opened with a chorus of the Bougainville anthem. The Papua New Guinea and Bougainville Governments have delayed a key meeting. The people of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea (2) _____ for independence in a referendum. ', 'Port Moresby will need to quickly digest the result,' he added, 'they'll need to be ready to talk about the timetable for independence.'. The vote was held on the island between the 23rd of November and the 7th of December. The autonomous region of Bougainville has voted overwhelmingly in favour of becoming independent from Papua New Guinea, paving the way for the group of islands to become the world’s newest nation. Australia’s relations with the territory have a long and complicated history ranging across the colonial era, two world wars, the 1988–98 Bougainville conflict, and subsequent peacekeeping missions. The process (1) _____ for the possible introduction of a new member to the global family of nations. Politicians, he said, 'now have a huge task to implement the wishes of our people.'. Australasia . The Bougainville Referendum Commission has highlighted several "examples of powers that could be available" if voters choose greater autonomy, including power over industrial relations, taxation, and international aid and trade. Watched by New Zealand’s foreign minister Don McKinnon (middle), Gerard Sinato (left), premier of the PNG-aligned Bougainville Transitional Government, and … It is situated far from the PNG mainland, to the southeast of the larger island of New Britain and immediately north of the Solomon Islands. Only 3,043 of voters had supported the option of the island group remaining part of Papua New Guinea, but with more autonomy. But independence will not be immediate, a long political process lies ahead and leaders face formidable financial and administrative challenges to turn a cluster of poor Pacific islands into a fully-fledged nation. Big question marks remain over Bougainville's ability to support itself financially if granted independence — there is a significant amount of post-conflict infrastructure rebuilding that needs to be done, despite hostilities ending more than two decades ago. Its lead up was closely observed, both by international peacekeepers, and by the press, with many claiming Bougainville could be the next “new nation.” The people of Bougainville voted overwhelmingly vote for independence from Papua New Guinea, but the path ahead is pocked with pitfalls. But Bougainville will require double or even triple its current budget to support itself as an independent nation, according to Papua New Guinea’s own National Research Institute. Bougainville obtiendrait également plus de pouvoir en matière de levée d’impôts et de taxes [16]. patience and finally steer the island to independence. This service may include material from Agence France-Presse (AFP), APTN, Reuters, AAP, CNN and the BBC World Service which is copyright and cannot be reproduced. 'Do something, you useless f***': Angry climate activists... Ex-Nomads president Moudi Tajjour whinges about having to... Farm Heroes Saga, the #4 Game on iTunes. However, Port Moresby retains control in key areas associated with national sovereignty, like defence and foreign relations. It is perhaps the high point of a 20-year peace process that in turn followed a gruelling, 10-year battle for independence waged between the Bougainville Revolutionary Army and PNG Defence Force. Bal Kama, a PhD candidate at the Australian National University, said the voting margin would most likely play a role in how Port Moresby approaches post-vote negotiations. John Momis, right, president of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, prepares to vote in Buka, Papua New Guinea, Saturday, Nov. 23, 2019, in a historic referendum to decide if they want to become the world's newest nation by gaining independence from Papua New Guinea. With four to five hundred-metre-width-strait separated Buka Island (c.500 km 2) its land measures 9,300 km 2 (3591 sq miles). "I think if there was to be resistance in terms of ratifying the result, it wouldn't just upset various elements in the international community, but also some proportion of the PNG population who would also like to see that vote respected," she said. AEST = Australian Eastern Standard Time which is 10 hours ahead of GMT (Greenwich Mean Time). Choose date and time: × Yesterday. "There are strong indications from former fighters, the [PNG] defence force, the BRA and from the leadership that whatever the outcome, there will not be another conflict," he said. Last December the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, an area in Papua New Guinea (PNG), voted in a referendum for independence, a move motivated by a history of violence and conflict. 'The strength of the vote would seem to make it all but inevitable. Concern PNG political instability might disrupt Bougainville talks Radio New Zealand 05:54 20-Nov-20. - In the 19th century, Bougainville was colonised by Germany. Morrison's demand for apology over fake image 'unfortunate', Chinese deputy ambassador says, How do you protect women from abuse? Papua New Guinea’s province of Bougainville in the South Pacific is a step closer to independence after a referendum showed an overwhelming majority want to establish a new nation… Space to play or pause, M to mute, left and right arrows to seek, up and down arrows for volume. Culturally, the people of Bougainville have more in common with the people of Solomon Islands than Papua New Guinea — this was one of multiple factors that have driven calls for independence. The announcement prompted loud cheers, applause and tears as dignitaries burst into song, with strains of the islands' anthem 'My Bougainville' ringing out. The referendum saw 85 per cent voter turnout during three weeks of voting, with 97.7 per cent of voters choosing independence from Papua New Guinea over the second option, which was remaining, but with greater … That 10-year conflict, which raged from 1988 until 1998, saw the deaths of up to 20,000 people, or around 10 per cent of Bougainville's population at that time. Gold panning on the fringe of Bougainville's Panguna mine, decades after it was closed for large scale mining. Today's results will prompt a dash for influence among regional powers China, the United States and Australia. Gerald Dising, a store owner who travelled from the far south of Bougainville to witness the result, described it as a 'first hurdle' being passed. The South Pacific archipelago of Bougainville on Wednesday overwhelmingly voted to become independent of Papua New Guinea, becoming the world's latest territory to … Background on Bougainville The 1886 Anglo-German Agreement separated Bougainville, which is culturally and geographically a part of the Solomon … On the first of December 1975, two weeks before Papua New Guinea gained its independence; Bougainville unilaterally declared its independence emphasising its wish to remain separate from the new state of Papua New Guinea. Hyun Bin Lifestyle 2020 Girlfriend, Private Island, Car, Net worth, House, Family - Duration: 10:34. The people of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea (2) _____ for independence in a referendum. About 207,000 Bougainvilleans are registered to … Politically, Bougainville is currently an autonomous region within Papua New Guinea. Bougainville is a series of islands to the east of Papua New Guinea and the north-east of Australia, and it is technically part of the same island chain that makes up the Pacific nation of Solomon Islands. "Whatever the outcome, it won't make us cross or fight. Independence could see Bougainville forge its own diplomatic ties, create its own currency and join the United Nations, among a range of other powers. Approximately 30 years after a decade-long brutal civil war in Bougainville, a tiny island in the Pacific, is going to the polls Saturday to vote on its independence from Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea’s province of Bougainville in the South Pacific is a step closer to independence after a referendum showed an overwhelming majority want to establish a new nation… The people of Bougainville have voted overwhelmingly in favour of the autonomous region becoming independent from Papua New Guinea - a major step towards the group of islands becoming the world's newest nation. Background on Bougainville The 1886 Anglo-German Agreement separated Bougainville, which is culturally and geographically a part of the Solomon Islands. Thousands of workers, not all of them from Bougainville, staffed the mine, which was operated by Rio Tinto subsidiary Bougainville Copper. Former Bougainville Revolutionary Army Commander Ishmael Toroama, from Central Bougainville, will take up the mantle of president from John Momis. But Papua New Guinea (PNG)’s autonomous region of Bougainville is farther along than most to achieving independence – and becoming the world’s 194 th country. 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